Since at least the 18th century Italy in French and German as well as English , grotesque has come to be used as a general adjective for the strange, mysterious, magnificent, fantastic, hideous, ugly, incongruous, unpleasant, or disgusting, and thus is often used to describe weird shapes and distorted forms such as Halloween masks. In art, performance, and literature, however, grotesque may also refer to something that simultaneously invokes in an audience a feeling of uncomfortable bizarreness as well as sympathetic pity. More specifically, the grotesque forms on Gothic buildings , when not used as drain-spouts, should not be called gargoyles , but rather referred to simply as grotesques, or chimeras. The English word first appears in the s as a noun borrowed from French, and comes originally from the Italian grottesca literally "of a cave" from the Italian grotta , 'cave'; see grotto ,  an extravagant style of ancient Roman decorative art rediscovered at Rome at the end of the fifteenth century and subsequently imitated. The word was first used of paintings found on the walls of basements of ruins in Rome that were called at that time le Grotte 'the caves'.
synonym study for grotesque
The wealth gap in this country is grotesque , and highly correlated with race. However, the way Alexander weaves together the grotesque , shameful history of the institution of slavery and shows that through systems both perpetuated and accepted by society, its worst effects were not only allowed to continue—but were thriving. Grotesque profiteering aside, life release ceremonies can devastate the eco-system. Why is the sight—or mere thought—of other adults having sex thought of as grotesque , bad, or forbidden in the year ? At least Jake Gyllenhaal shaved off his grotesque face scarf this year. The runoff has turned into a macabre political sideshow filled with grotesque attacks and ugly accusations. We look back for the pretty or grotesque pictures, and shake our heads at the circus. The world of the poets dream includes the twoa Titania, and a Bottom the weaverand can bring them into grotesque conjunction. His first action seems to me grotesque —and grotesque ly pathetic. The house, adorned with grotesque faces, bears its date,
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Entry 1 of 2 1 a : a style of decorative art characterized by fanciful or fantastic human and animal forms often interwoven with foliage or similar figures that may distort the natural into absurdity, ugliness, or caricature b : a piece of work in this style an ornate structure, embellished with grotesques 2 : one that is grotesque 3 : sans serif grotesque. Adjective During the Italian Renaissance, Romans of culture took a great interest in their country's past and began excavating ancient buildings. During their excavations, they uncovered chambers known in Italian as grotte, in reference to their cavelike appearance decorated with artwork depicting fantastic combinations of human and animal forms interwoven with strange fruits and flowers. The Italian word grottesca became the name for this unique art style, and by it had mutated into the English noun "grotesque.
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